One potential impact from greenhouse-gas emissions is increasing damage from extreme events. Here, we quantify how climate
change may affect tropical cyclone damage. We find that future increases in income are likely to double tropical cyclone damage
even without climate change. Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency of high-intensity storms in selected ocean
basins depending on the climate model. Climate change doubles economic damage, but the result depends on the parameters of

Chemical ozone destruction occurs over both polar regions in local winter–spring. In the Antarctic, essentially complete removal of lower-stratospheric ozone currently results in an ozone hole every year, whereas in the Arctic, ozone loss is highly variable and has until now been much more limited. Here we demonstrate that chemical ozone destruction over the Arctic in early 2011 was—for the first time in the observational record—comparable to that in the Antarctic ozone hole.

Earlier this year, ozone loss over the Arctic was on a scale comparable to that over the Antarctic.

Sending satellites to monitor the atmosphere is fundamental to weather and climate research. So why is the United States making such a meal of it? (Editorial)

For the first time in India, scientific tests will be conducted on the Himalayan glaciers in Uttarakhand to measure the impact of carbon soot on glaciers.

London: There will be an unexpected sight high in the skies over the British county of Norfolk nextmonth: A huge balloon attached to the ground by a giant hosepipe.

In the context of climate change and its impact on sectors like agriculture and health, it is important to examine the changes in the characteristics of temperature extremes of different intensities and duration. In this study, an India Meteorological Department gridded temperature dataset is used to examine the changes in the frequency of occurrence of extreme temperatures over India and its seven homogeneous regions during the period 1969–2005.

Land use and land cover changes affect the partitioning of latent and sensible heat, which impacts the broader climate system. Increased latent heat flux to the atmosphere has a local cooling influence known as ‘evaporative cooling’, but this energy will be released back to the atmosphere wherever the water condenses. However, the extent to which local evaporative cooling provides a global cooling influence has not been well characterized. Here, we perform a

An international team of researchers, including physical oceanographers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), has confirmed the presence of a deep-reaching ocean circulation system

Methane and ethane are the most abundant hydrocarbons in the atmosphere and they affect both atmospheric chemistry and climate. Both gases are emitted from fossil fuels and biomass burning, whereas methane (CH4) alone has large sources from wetlands, agriculture, landfills and waste water. Here we use measurements in firn (perennial snowpack) air from Greenland and Antarctica to reconstruct the atmospheric variability of ethane (C2H6) during the twentieth century.