India's policy-makers have three big energy goals: providing everyone with access to energy, securing energy supply and trying to limit carbon emissions without encumbering the nation's growth. These important concerns miss the point.
Women spend approximately 374 hours every year collecting firewood in India finds this new study released by Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. It focuses on the gender impacts of clean cooking solutions in households as well as women's involvement in improved cookstoves markets, in India, Bangladesh and Nepal.
Debates on emissions and climate change are dominated by inter-country inequalities, usually ignoring within-country inequalities. In this paper, we address the question of carbon space sharing in India across different classes after economic reforms were introduced in 1991. We establish using household consumption surveys that the elites in India are major polluters both in an absolute sense as well as in per capita terms. We find that inter-class component of emissions now explains 28.5% of total inequality compared to a mere 2.5% in 1994 at the onset of market-oriented reforms.