Despite large gains in health over the past few decades, the distribution of health risks worldwide remains extremely and unacceptably uneven says the Lancet–University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health.

The weekly digest of important reports, research, policy documents, regulations, studies, court cases, protests,conflicts, initiatives, photos, data, statistics, infographics, presentations on the India Environment Portal, 25-31 January 2014.

As the effective application of new technologies has become increasingly important to most nations’ economic growth and development, the significance of intellectual property (IP) rights has also increased.

India has been ranked at the bottom of 25 countries in terms of protection and enforcement of intellectual property practices in this global report published by US Chamber of Commerce report.

More than five years after the Forest Rights Act, 2006, was implemented in the country, Union minister for tribal affairs V Kishore Chandra Deo said its execution was slow.

“The implementation of the act is the responsibility of the state governments which I found to be rather slow and tardy,” Deo said.

Developing Asian countries are strengthening their intellectual property rights regime as they themselves become producers of intellectual property. At the same time, developing Asia has attracted large amounts of foreign direct investment and this trend is expected to continue in light of the region’s strong growth prospects.

Agovernment panel has proposed that prices of patented medicines be based on the country’s per capita income, a move that would substantially reduce prices of costly drugs made by global pharmaceutical firms.

The proposal, which seeks the input of other government agencies as well as industry groups, could provoke the ire of Big Pharma, which has clashed with India over protection of intellectual property, price regulations for generic drugs, and compulsory licenses for costly medicines.

Carbon capture and storage is a climate mitigation technology designed to reduce emissions from fossil-fuel power plants and industrial sources. This Perspective argues that the very limited implementation of carbon capture and storage technology so far is largely the result of political, economic and social factors, rather than a technological inability to deliver.

Disputes over intellectual property rights can delay the spread of clean technologies to the developing world, but they are not wholly to blame.

There is something that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has in common with US diplomats—or at least the intellectual property (IP) attachés posted at various diplomatic missions: a dislike of NGOs. Both, the leader of the world’s most populous democracy and the diplomats of the most powerful democracy, make no bones about the fact that they find NGOs a stumbling block in implementing their various agendas.

Read More: http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/menacing-us-diplomacy

Pages