This study measured part of the in-hive pesticide exposome by analyzing residues from live in-hive bees, stored pollen, and wax in migratory colonies over time and compared exposure to colony health. We summarized the pesticide burden using three different additive methods: (1) the hazard quotient (HQ), an estimate of pesticide exposure risk, (2) the total number of pesticide residues, and (3) the number of relevant residues. Despite being simplistic, these models attempt to summarize potential risk from multiple contaminations in real-world contexts.

The absence of prescribed limits on the use of chemical pesticides for various crops could hinder the government move to step up enforcement of food safety during the Onam festival season, experts

The Standing Committee on Agriculture (2015-2016) present this Twenty Ninth Report (Sixteenth Lok Sabha) on the subject ‘Impact of Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides on Agriculture and Allied Sectors in the Country’ pertaining to the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (Department of Agricultural Research and Education).

FAO and WHO have released new guidelines aimed at reducing the damage done by pesticides that pose especially high toxic risks to human health and the environment.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Adverse Effect of Insecticides, 26/04/2016. The Central Government monitors pesticides residues in various agricultural commodities etc. under the central scheme “Monitoring of Pesticides Residues at National Level” (MPRNL). The annual report of MPRNL for 2014-15 shows that 2.6 % of all samples of commodities contained pesticide residues above the Maximum Residues Limits (MRLs) fixed by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.

A method for the determination of 200 pesticides and pesticide metabolites in honeybee samples has been developed and validated. Almost 98% of compounds included in this method are approved to use within European Union, as active substances of plant protection products or veterinary medicinal products used by beekeepers to control mites Varroa destructor in hives. Many significant metabolites, like metabolites of imidacloprid, thiacloprid, fipronil, methiocarb and amitraz, are also possible to detect.

Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins and Residues) Amendment Regulation, 2016 regarding limit of biotoxins in fish and fish products.

European governments have banned the use of three common neonicotinoid pesticides due to insufficiently identified risks to bees. This policy decision is controversial given the absence of clear consistency between toxicity assessments of those substances in the laboratory and in the field. Although laboratory trials report deleterious effects in honeybees at trace levels, field surveys reveal no decrease in the performance of honeybee colonies in the vicinity of treated fields.

During the year 2014-15, under the central sector scheme, “Monitoring of Pesticide Residues at National Level” sponsored by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, samples of vegetables, fruits, spices, red chilli powder, curry leaves, rice, wheat, pulses, fish/marine, meat and

Question raised in Lok Sabha on food safety, 24/07/2015. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has fixed safety standards under the ‘Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins and Residues) Regulations, 2011 as amended from time to time. The Maximum Residual Levels (MRLs) of pesticides in fruits and vegetables have been specified in these standards.