This working paper models the impact of the removal of fossil fuel subsidies on greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions for the following countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, United

Often people assume that fossil fuel subsidies help the poor by making energy more affordable. In fact, most fossil fuel subsidies are not working well for energy access and poverty goals. The annual fossil fuel subsidy expenditure of USD 425 billion could be better invested by governments towards SDG outcomes.

This report presents a model that analyses fossil fuel subsidy reform across 20 countries showing an average reduction in national GHG emissions of 11% by 2020, and average annual government savings of USD 93 per tonne of CO2 abated.

Eliminating the hundreds of billions of dollars that governments are spending on fossil-fuel subsidies would reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by between 6 and 13 per cent by 2050.

This report, produced by IISD-GSI provides input to the Nordic Council of Ministers by identifying options and opportunities for increased Nordic cooperation on the phasing out of fossil-fuel subsidies in developing countries.

This paper outlines the opportunities that fossil-fuel subsidy reform offers for funding future Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the context of Asia. The paper looks at fossil-fuel subsidies and their reform in relation to sustainable development in general, and specifically with regard to proposed SDGs.

This paper explores the link between fossil-fuel subsidies and gender in India. It focuses on the likely gender impacts of reform across cooking, lighting, pumping and transport fuels.