This handbook aims to foster a better understanding of the interlinkages between international trade, the environment and the green economy. It therefore focuses on national and international trade policy and rules, on environmental governance and principles, and the relationship between both.

This paper outlines the opportunities that fossil-fuel subsidy reform offers for funding future Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the context of Asia. The paper looks at fossil-fuel subsidies and their reform in relation to sustainable development in general, and specifically with regard to proposed SDGs.

The Chinese government has responded to the challenge of increasing energy consumption and environmental pollution with ambitious targets for renewable energy generation. In the 12th Five-Year Plan, running from 2011 to 2015, a target was introduced to generate 15 per cent of primary energy from renewable sources by 2015.

This paper explores the link between fossil-fuel subsidies and gender in India. It focuses on the likely gender impacts of reform across cooking, lighting, pumping and transport fuels.

This paper analyzes the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in Mysore, India. The DBT is an initiative of the Indian central government to develop an electronic payment system for centrally funded social protection schemes.

The State of Sustainability Initiatives Review 2014 provides a bird's-eye view of market and performance trends across 16 of the most prevalent standards initiatives operating across ten different commodity sectors.

This paper explores the concept of financial sustainability and proposes a framework to analyze electricity sectors based on this model. The concept of financial sustainability includes the ability of the electricity sector to recover costs, meet demand, make investments and operate according to environmental and social norms.

The Government of Bangladesh has committed to ensuring access to affordable and reliable electricity for all citizens by 2021. At present, however, only about half of the population has access to electricity, while supply is hardly reliable for those with access.

This report focuses on the wind and solar sectors in India. It reviews Indian policies for raising the share of renewables in the energy mix within the context of multiple social, economic and technological objectives.

India continues to incur budgetary and non-budgetary expenditure of over INR 40,000 crore per year subsidizing liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) consumption finds this paper by International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). But the benefits of this subsidy accrue disproportionately to wealthy households in urban areas, with the majority of the population in the bottom two thirds of the income distribution scale currently receiving little or no direct benefit from LPG subsidies.