The nexus between water, energy and food (WEF) security is a critical component of human well-being, and billions of dollars are spent annually on investments intended to ensure that it is adequately addressed.

This is the first edition of the India Energy Subsidy Review, a biannual publication of the IISD’s Global Subsidies Initiative. Part One outlines economic and policy developments affecting India’s subsidized key fuel markets (diesel, liquefied petroleum gas, kerosene and natural gas), and analyses the dynamics of each market.

This report evaluates the principal costs and benefits of the European Union’s biofuels industry, based on an assessment of best available information. Depending on the availability of data, some costs and benefits are quantified, while others have not been due to a lack of systematic or disaggregated information.

The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in June 2012—commonly referred to as Rio+20—left many perplexed. If a number of advances were made, the results fell well short of what is needed to redirect the global economy onto a sustainable course.

This policy brief presents the results of a screening exercise to identify nationally appropriate mitigation action (NAMA) concepts for Bangladesh.

Carbon dioxide emissions from the steel sector are significant and growing: global emissions of carbon dioxide from fuel combustion in the sector increased by 61 per cent between 2000 and 2009, an annual average growth rate of 5.4 per cent.

The cement industry is a major source of CO2 emissions, accounting for about 5 per cent of anthropogenic CO2 emissions.

This policy brief summarizes two research papers on fossil-fuel subsidy reform in India and highlights the key policy recommendations. The Government of India spent over US$ 9 billion subsidizing fuel products – diesel, kerosene, LPG and, to a lesser extent, gasoline – in 2010-11.

The debate on the costs and benefits of governments’ support to biofuels development has gained considerable momentum, especially in light of fiscal austerity measures and the “food versus fuel” debate associated with the impacts of biofuels expansion on agricultural markets.

This guide provides an accessible introduction to the best available information on costs...

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