This paper attempts an ethnobiological investigation, performed during 2003 to 2006, to collect, identify and document information on wild food traditionally used by the indigenous people of the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary in Palakkad district of Kerala, India.

Livestock depredation by carnivores has become an important hurdle in conservation of predators at the top of the food chain. To develop feasible recommendations to minimize this conflict, it is important to learn the circumstances of the predation events and attitudes of people. We assessed the circumstances for livestock depredation by leopards in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra in India.

Recolonization of benthos following dredging operations was studied in Mormugao Port Trust Harbour, Goa. Six stations were fixed for sampling within the radius of the dredging site. Three samples each were collected during dredging and after dredging.

We conducted a survey in Kerala from December 2009 to March 2010 to document Nilgiri Tahr Nilgiritragus hylocrius (Ogilby) populations in fourteen sites that ranged from Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary in the southern Western Ghats to Silent Valley, north of the Palghat Gap. The total sightings of the Nilgiri Tahr over the course of the survey were 235 animals, of which yearlings and kids constituted 12%.

India has come a long way from the bad old days of tiger shooting as 'sport' to tiger tourism as a growing business. India has 39 tiger reserves scattered all over the tiger's range, covering about 40,000 sq. km of forest. Unfortunately, almost 50 per cent are in very bad shape, but they can be recovered with proper management. (Editorial)

This note discusses the wildlife casualties due to vehicular traffic in Sriharikota Island from observations carried out from January 2002 to December 2003.

Captive Asian elephants Elephas maximus are managed in three systems in Tamil Nadu namely, private, Hindu temples and forest department. The authors studied the population size and structure, natality and mortality during 2003-05 in the three systems to assess their long-term viability.

The authors studied the activity patterns and feeding ecology of Asian Elephants Elephas maximus in deciduous and dry thorn forests of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, southern India. Over 20,000 instantaneous scan samplings on elephants revealed that 60% of the daylight hours were devoted to feeding.

Plankton samples collected from Loktak Lake (a Ramsar site) during November 2002-October 2004 revealed 51 species of Cladocera belonging to 28 genera and 7 families. Loktak lake holds the richest Cladocera biodiversity known from any individual aquatic ecosystem of India, so far.

An ecological study was carried out to determine the quantitative and qualitative community structure and population of spiders in Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea Linn.) crop fields.