This report gives an overview of current practices, challenges and opportunities in the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of livestock greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and emission reductions by developing countries in the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Reviews of index-based agricultural insurance initiatives have identified several success factors that are relevant to the situation in Nigeria. First, successful initiatives have been designed to unlock particular opportunities for farmers that were previously constrained by particular risks.

Food loss and waste (FLW) reduces the amount of food available for distribution and consumption, decreases food security, and increases the environmental burden of food production.

In Africa, the African Union is committed to addressing climate change issues with a gender perspective.

Soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration on agricultural land decreases the costs of climate change mitigation while promoting increased food security. SOC has the potential to sequester up to 3.5 GtCO2eq/yr by 2050 in a scenario consistent with 1.5 ºC warming.

Carbon price policies deliver cost-efficient mitigation across sectors, but can result in tradeoffs with food security and other sustainable development goals. Scenarios for a 1.5 °C world based on carbon prices could increase the undernourished population by 80 - 300 million in 2050.

This technical brief describes efforts to develop remote sensing products for index-based flood insurance (IBFI) that can accurately depict yield loss due to adverse weather and other disasters on smallholder farms, with a particular attention to IBFI as a tool for reaching the most socially vulnerable populations.

The top ten success stories from CCAFS in South Asia presented in this document, exhibit evidence on how agriculture can be transformed to become resilient and productive, thereby, protecting the farming systems from the hazards of climate change.

Most countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Ghana, rely on agriculture for their income and food security. Any initiative that might help to sustain and improve productivity in agriculture would be a crucial step in improving people’s livelihoods.

Nicaragua is particularly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographic, social, economic and environmental conditions. Increased temperature, fluctuation of precipitation patterns, and sea-level rise pose significant impacts for agricultural productivity, water resources availability and the risk of extreme disaster.