Key messages Multi-lateral development banks (MDBs) have committed to financing climate change mitigation in agriculture and have adopted a harmonized methodology for attributing and reporting climate finance; however, design (including practice selection) and measurement of project impacts remains ad hoc.

The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition to improve the integration of agricultural development and climate responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader development goals under a changing climate and increasing food demand.


This brochure highlights the aspects of a project collaboration between CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) South Asia and a private sector giant in India, ITC Limited.

Climate change is projected to have serious impacts on the agriculture of southern Africa, affecting food availability, creating local production shortfalls and resulting in rising commodity prices. This report highlights the risks to agriculture and food systems that may occur in two counties of the region, Malawi and Zambia.

The Asian monsoon plays a major role in the variability of seasonal temperature and precipitation and the sub-seasonal statistics of these and other climate variables.

Several countries are developing nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) in the livestock sector. Compared to research on emission factors, much less attention has been paid to understanding systems for collecting activity data on change in livestock management practices and animal performance.

All too often, the well-intentioned efforts of journalists and development organizations to raise awareness of pressing humanitarian issues has the unintended effect of reducing its human subjects to little more than hapless victims of the latest calamity.

Benin is located on the Guinean coast of West Africa and has a mixed tropical and sub-equatorial climate with two rainy seasons. Beninoise farmers practice mixed rain-fed crop and livestock farming. Climate change puts the country at risk of food insecurity.

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) requires new business models, as well as adapted financial services and incentives, in order to scale out. The present study makes an inventory of the financial services available around the Climate-Smart Village AR4D project sites of CCAFS in 20 countries.

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