In recent years, global trade in biofuels has grown dramatically, albeit against a background of highly distorted markets for agricultural goods and for energy, and in a context of weak global governance for environmental public goods.

This paper critically examines India’s agricultural trade policy mainly from the perspective of public policy objectives, including food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable development, but also against the benchmark of the WTO rules and India’s commitments therein.

This paper emphasises the importance of understanding what types of clean energy subsidies countries usually provide, why countries provide them, and how they fit into existing legal mechanisms.

This new paper by ICTSD discusses net food-importing developing countries – the most vulnerable – in the light of the recent commodity price spikes: who they are, and policy options for dealing with global price volatility.

This paper looks at the legal options for a group of interested countries to enter into a new international agreement dedicated to the interface between trade policy and climate change, which could be titled the Sustainable Energy Trade Agreement (SETA).

Subsidies have always been part of the policy toolbox that governments use to achieve a variety of policy goals. Over the last decades, they have been particularly pervasive in the energy, agriculture and fisheries sectors.

The concept of this paper was originated in ICTSD’s research and policy dialogues under the Global Platform. The study shows that the impact on net emissions covered by the EU ETS could be large, as with growing aviation emissions, operators will have to buy allowances from other sectors in the EU ETS.

This paper assesses the trade flows from a number of developing countries to the EU in some of the sectors that have been identified by the European Commission as particularly sensitive to carbon leakage.

Securing enough food to meet the needs of a growing global population
requires managing the complex interplay between farming at home and
trade with others. Andrea Wolverton, Anita Regmi and Ann Tutwiler look
into challenges of political economy that undernourishment presents and
how donors, such as the US, may be able to help.