As nations seek to strengthen their health systems, they are increasingly looking to primary health care to provide a clear and comprehensive sense of direction.

This regional health forum includes the special issue on world health day 2008 theme: protecting health from climate change.

In 2008, World Health Day focuses on the need to protect health from the adverse effects of climate change. WHO selected this theme in recognition that climate change is posing ever growing threats to global public health security.

The WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2008 documents the extent of the epidemic, details how MPOWER will reverse it and assesses the current status of global tobacco control.

This document deals specifically with essential environmental health standards required for health-care settings in medium- and low-resource countries to: assess prevailing situations and plan the improvements that are required; develop and reach essential safety standards as a first goal; and support the development and application of national policies. It contains guidelines for setting standards of safety conditions to provide adequate health care.

This document summarizes the most recent water-related findings on global health impacts; presents recent information on effective interventions; summarizes information from economic evaluations; and describes recent insights on financing. The global health impacts presented are based on both rigorous assessments (for diarrhoea, trachoma, schistosomiasis and intestinal nematode infections) and reviews of expert opinion (all other addressed diseases).

This report provides estimates of drinking water and sanitation coverage in 2004, by country and MDG region. It shows how many people have gained access since the MDG baseline year (1990) and identifies the challenges to meet the MDG drinking water and sanitation target over the coming decade. It compares progress towards the target, identifying which regions are on track, which are making progress but where progress is insufficient to reach the target, and which are not on track.

This report seeks to describe the context and process of global climate change, its actual or likely impacts on health, and how human societies and their governments should respond with particular focus on the health sector.

... and also eyes, vegetation, forests, crops, buildings, statues, monuments .... The latest reports of the World Health Organisation show that our cities are becoming like throwbacks to an