Five years after the shipping carrier -M V Rak sank 20 nautical miles off the South Mumbai coast in the Arabian Sea causing marine pollution, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on Tuesday slapped Rs

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Samir Mehta Vs Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change & Others dated 23/08/2016 regarding marine pollution caused by the sinking of ship (M.V. RAK) and oil spill which occurred in the Arabian Sea, off the coast of Mumbai. The spilled oil from the ship spread beyond Mumbai to Raigad District. Traces were noticed particularly between Uttan in Bhayandar and Gorai beach.

A cyclogenesis index (CSGP) is introduced and its variations have been evaluated for the period 1979 to 2008. It is found that CSGP is able to distinguish different categories of storms over North Indian Ocean. The relative roles of contributing parameters are analyzed to study the influence of CGSP with respect different background states. It is found that vorticity, convergence, relative humidity and convective instability should be high enough to offset the negative impact of shear parameter.

Munrothuruthu (‘Munroe Island’) is a place renowned for continuous settlement, in the Kollam district of Kerala. The Indian Ocean earthquake and Tsunami of 2004 triggered this major problem. The island is located at confluence of the Ashtamudi Lake and the Kallada River. Low lying regions of the island are facing progressive settlement which has become pronounced since the occurrence of Tsunami. The area has been affected by upward seepage of saline water during High Tide events, denoting the axial lowering of land mass.

Smoke plumes from this region contain carbon aerosols that play a vital role in determining atmospheric chemistry.

A human body may be able to adapt to extremes of dry-bulb temperature (commonly referred to as simply temperature) through perspiration and associated evaporative cooling provided that the wet-bulb temperature (a combined measure of temperature and humidity or degree of ‘mugginess’) remains below a threshold of 35 °C. (ref. 1). This threshold defines a limit of survivability for a fit human under well-ventilated outdoor conditions and is lower for most people.

Upper-air radiosonde observations, taken during “Cloud Aerosol Interaction and Precipitation Enhancement EXperiment” (CAIPEEX) at Mahabubnagar (16.73°N, 77.98°E) under Integrated Ground Observation Campaign (IGOC) during the second half of southwest monsoon of 2011 have been analysed. Various weather data taken from India Meteorological Department as well as NCEP/NCAR reanalyzed upper-air wind data for the months August and September of 2011 have also been used in the study. Intra-seasonal variation of monsoon, during the period of experiment, has been studied.

The El Nino weather phenomenon, which has often disrupted rainfall in India, is further strengthening and likely to persist into early 2016, the Australia Bureau of Meteorology said in an update on

A positive phase of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) may have already begun to play out, according to the Applications Laboratory of Jamstec, the Japanese national weather forecaster.

SSNNL stated that it had consulted state-level Environmental Clearance Assessment Authority in 2010 which stated that no environ mental clearance was required.