Shifting cultivation is a dominant land use system in humid tropical high lands where steep slopes is a potential barrier for rain water harvesting for agriculture. It is the main stay of the economy of the hill people. As per Ministry of Rural Development, Govt.

Recently Naga King Chili was rediscovered by the world scientific community when it was declared as the hottest chili of the world. Interestingly this particular type of chili with its unique hotness and aroma is native to the northeastern part of India, more particularly to Nagaland.

The Soliga tribe in the Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Hills of Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka has maintained a continuous and intimate interaction with the forest, deriving most of its basic requirements from the forests.

The Barak Basin of northeastern India covers the states of Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. The rich and diversified vegetation of the region is facing perturbation in recent years and large tracts of forest are being converted to non-forest.

The Indian state

Shillong: Meghalaya Forest Department on Sunday blamed the depletion of forest cover for the increasing man-elephant conflict in the state and in Garo and Khasi hill regions of the bordering Assam.

At least 15 people have been killed by marauding elephants in the State alone in the last five years.

The shifting cultivation in Nagaland state is described as an agricultural system where a farming community slashes secondary forests on a predetermined location, burns the slash and cultivates the land for a limited number of years. The land is then left fallow and the farming community moves to the next location to repeat the process till they return back to the starting point.

Forests and women are strongly interconnected with each other because women, particularly those living in rural areas or mountain areas, have a deep relationship with the forest ecology because they are responsible for gathering food, fuel, fodder, leaves and water for the family.

Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is one of the most important crops grown in the hilly regions of Meghalaya state in Northeast India. Land preparation for potato cultivation is carried out in an indigenous or traditional way, locally called Nur Bun method. "Nur" is the agricultural land unit in the local Khasi language and refers to one raised bed, which is usually 1-1.25 m wide and 2-7 m long.

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