‘Jhum kheti’, commonly known as slashand-burn or shifting cultivation, is the most predominant farming system practised by the hilly communities of North East (NE) India, where the jhumias transform forests into rural landscapes. This farming system still persists and plays an important role in providing subsistence livelihoods to at least 300–500 million people worldwide, which is intricately linked to socio-cultural, ecological and economic aspects of the ethnic hill communities. (Correspondence) .

An experiment has been undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of traditional practices to use common salt for weed management in jhum paddy in mid hills conditions in Eastern Himalayas with the objective to study the effect of salt application on morphological characters, yield attributes, yield and economics of paddy under shifting cultivation areas. Salt @ 120 kg ha-1 with two spay resulted significantly (P<0.05) higher grain yield over control, and also higher weed control efficiency than three hand weeding.

Deforestation and forest degradation represent a significant fraction of the annual worldwide human-induced emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, the main source of biodiversity losses and the destruction of millions of people's homes. Despite local/regional causes, its consequences are global.

The country recorded a decrease of 367 square km in forest cover last year, compared with 2009, according to India State of Forest Report 2011, released here on Tuesday.

Sri Lanka - An overview of key environmental issues.

The purpose of this manual is to provide guidance to indigenous trainers to prepare and conduct trainings on Community-based REDD+. These trainings should help communities acquire the knowledge and skills needed to take a decision on whether to join a REDD+ project, and if they do, to be able to fully and e

Brazil claims to have clamped down on slash and burn tactics, slave labour and links to deforestation as it seeks to gain foothold in Europe’s lucrative biofuels market.

The report considers diversity of biological components, including wild and domesticated, social and ecological systems prevailing in the NE States of India and provides insight on hitherto underexplored biological resources with potential role in food security and the improvement of rural livelihoods towards adaptation to changing climate.

A working paper titled “Adapting to Climate Change: Conserving Rice Biodiversity of the Apatani Tribe in North East India” by Ms Swati Chaliha and Dr Promode Kant, has been published by the Institute of Green Economy (IGREC), New Delhi.

The impacts of tobacco cultivation on traditional agro-practices and knowledge, food security, agro-biodiversity and socio-economic conditions of a remote hilly tribal community of Bangladesh were investigated. Sixty per cent households were found practicing shifting cultivation compared with 10 yrs back changing local food availability. Local crop varieties were being lost due to low cultivation and weak seed preservation system. Despite better benefits from traditional cultivation, 90% people now fully depended upon tobacco cultivation for significant cash flow at a time.

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