Europe is not alone in taking action to price carbon and promote low-carbon energy, and Europe’s competitiveness is not dependent on its energy prices.

This report assesses how production and emission volumes, energy and CO2 efficiency and competitiveness of companies in the Energy Intensive Industries have evolved prior and during the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS).

Low-carbon innovation in industrial sectors in developing countries presents economic opportunities that can help realise sustainable development pathways.

This article examines cross-border technology transfer between Indian and Danish/German firms in the wind energy industry between 1990 and 2005.

Reaching the 80% 2050 emissions reduction target while securing the benefits of transitioning towards a low carbon economy.

Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol enables Annex 1 Parties to agree to jointly undertake emissions saving or sink enhancing activities, with credits arising from cross border investments transferred between them. Joint Implementation (JI) is effectively an alternative project-based mechanism for trading emissions between countries with a cap. Instead of directly purchasing emission rights, i.e.

This working paper describes four major outcomes: Recommendations to improve accounting of the long-term depletion of carbon stocks through forest and wetland degradation. Discussion of two possible approaches to harnessing the mitigation potential of harvested wood products, while minimizing adverse and unintended effects on biodiversity, forest management and the environmental integrity of the Kyoto

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) aims at a cost-effective reduction of GHG emissions and technology and capital transfer from industrialised to developing countries. The CDM has seen a true gold rush period, with thousands of projects being developed in a few years. More and more governments and companies bet on the CDM to fill their compliance gaps. This report contains the main results and conclusions of the project Empirical analysis of performance of CDM projects implemented by Climate Strategies.

This paper presents three case studies of Ukrainian Joint Implementation (JI) projects. The analysis is based on interviews with project stakeholders and public presentations of the case projects. The main questions in focus are: what are the typical JI projects in Ukraine?; what similarities and differences are there between the case projects?; how has the financing of the projects been arranged?; have they been implemented, and how long did it take to launch a project?; and have the same problems or barriers been experienced in all cases?