Urbanization, a major driver of global change, profoundly impacts our physical and social world, for example, altering not just water and carbon cycling, biodiversity, and climate, but also demography, public health, and economy. Understanding these consequences for better scientific insights and effective decision-making unarguably requires accurate information on urban extent and its spatial distributions.

Urban sprawl costs the American economy more than US$1 trillion annually, according to a new study by the New Climate Economy. These costs include greater spending on infrastructure, public service delivery and transportation. The study finds that Americans living in sprawled communities directly bear an astounding $625 billion in extra costs.

Cities in developing countries are experiencing unprecedented urban growth. Unfortunately, this is often accompanied by the negative impacts of sprawl as a result of rapid motorization such as congestion, air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, inefficient use of energy and time, and unequal accessibility.

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 87 of the Himachal Pradesh Town and Country Planning Act, 1977 (Act, No.

Intense urban and agricultural development alters habitats, increases fragmentation, and may decouple trophic interactions if plants or animals cannot disperse to needed resources. Specialist insects represent a substantial proportion of global biodiversity and their fidelity to discrete microhabitats provides a powerful framework for investigating organismal responses to human land use.

A new report recommends that China curb rapid urban sprawl by reforming land requisition, give migrants urban residency and equal access to basic public services, and reform local finances by finding stable revenues and by allowing local governments to borrow directly within strict central rules.

Conversion to urban landforms has consequences for regional climate and the many inhabitants living within the built environment. The purpose of our investigation was to explore hydroclimatic impacts of 21st century urban expansion across the United States and examine the efficacy of commonly proposed urban adaptation strategies in context of long-term global climate change.

Supreme Court allows real estate projects on private forest land in Mumbai. Read text of this important judgement issued on 30 Jan 2014.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Gulshan Bhalla Vs. Pawan Kohli & Ors. dated 22/01/2014 regarding operation of the unit called “KAY AAR INDS.,” situated at 19/239, Sarai Basti, Shahzada Bagh Industrial Area, Old Rohtak Road, Delhi engaged in rubber compounding for manufacturing of rubber auto parts with day & night shift. DDA has stated "that the site remains a part of ‘residential’ land use as per zonal development plan (Zone B). Industrial activity is not permitted. C

The urgent need to reconfigure and transform urban areas to consume fewer resources, emit less pollution, minimize greenhouse gas production, protect natural ecosystems and increase the adaptive capacity to deal with climate risks is widely recognized.

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