Focusing trans-boundary water regime of Ganges- Brahmaputra- Meghna (GBM) basin, this situation analysis paper discusses the core issues related to environmental security through analyzing various environmental impacts and its significance at the national and regional level.

The climate induced forced migration is on the rise, with alarming proportion, though human migration is not new. Coupled with a number of hydrological, geological and socio-economic factors the impacts of climate change have resulted in increased poverty, death, loss of property and more importantly forced migration in Bangladesh.

Riverbank erosion is one of the most unpredictable and critical type of disasters that takes into account the quantity of rainfall, soil structure, river morphology, topography of river and adjacent areas, and floods.

The incidence of Poverty in Bangladesh is one of the highest in the world. Millions of people suffer from the hardship of poverty. About one-third (31.5 percent) of its population is living below the poverty line. Moreover, inequality afflicts the persistence of poverty.

This study is a part of "Regenerative Agriculture and Sustainable Livelihoods for Vulnerable Ecosystems" (RESOLVE) programme, which intends to explore the magnitude and impacts of different natural hazards namely flood, riverbank erosion, salinity intrusion, water scarcity in livelihood system, more particularly agriculture in project districts.

The prevalence of malnutrition in Bangladesh is one of the highest in the world. Millions of children and women suffer from one or more forms of malnutrition including low birth weight, wasting, stunting, underweight etc.

This study has focused on impacts of increasing production costs on rice price as well food security situation in Bangladesh. The research report has estimated rice demand according to the consumption rate of growing people.

The Bali Action Plan shines with lots of hopes for developing countries that in two years there would be a shared vision to combat global warming. In that plan, the shared vision was portrayed as a ‘long term cooperative action” which would include a “long term global goal for emission reduction”.

Indigenous communities in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) of Bangladesh are managing forests around their homesteads in a sustainable way despite exclusion of customary rights on government managed reserved forests,. Bangladesh, as one of the forest poor countries in the world, is continuously struggling to conserve its forest resources.