An artificial form of photosynthesis that sucks carbon dioxide from the atmosphere has been invented by a scientist who claims the “breakthrough” device could be used to reduce global warming.

Tiny particles – like those produced in vast amounts by burning fossil fuels – can pass through the lungs into the bloodstream and then damage various different organs, according to a controversial

• A London-based tech start-up is developing a secretive tool designed to limit the impact of air pollution in major cities.

• The source of the world’s biggest underwater pool of the powerful greenhouse gas methane has been discovered in the Pacific Ocean by a team of scientists.

The south-western United States is almost certain to experience a “megadrought” lasting decades if global warming continues unchecked, researchers have warned.

• A new vaccine-based treatment for HIV has succeeded in suppressing the virus in five patients, raising hopes further research could help prevent Aids without the need for daily drugs.

Three-month old Abshir, pictured at Garowe General Hospital in Puntland, Somalia, is suffering from malnutrition-related complications pictures by: Tom Pilston/Save the Children

Endangered penguins are hunting for fish in the wrong place because climate change has prompted sardines and other prey to move to another part of the ocean, researchers have discovered.

• A herd of plains bison has been reintroduced to Canada’s oldest national park, more than a century after the iconic North American animal roamed the Great Plains and eastern slopes of the Canadia

Pollution from the Aberthaw power plant is estimated to have caused the premature deaths of 18,000 people in England and Wales, according to environmentalists.

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