JAIPUR: A study by researchers at the Joint Research Centre, the European Commission’s science and knowledge service, has shown how land use change too is contributing to climate change.

The introduction of the first generation of biofuels made from food crops has been controversial largely due to concerns over competition for land with food crops, thus raising global crop prices and generating induced land-use change (ILUC).

One of the most important anthropogenic influences on climate is land use change (LUC). In particular, the Amazon (AMZ) basin is a highly vulnerable area to climate change due to substantial modifications of the hydroclimatology of the region expected as a result of LUC. However, both the magnitude of these changes and the physical process underlying this scenario are still uncertain. This work aims to analyze the simulated Amazon deforestation and its impacts on local mean climate.

With the current trend of land use/land cover (LULC) change taking place globally, several parts of northeast India are also showing signs of change in LULC pattern leading to forest loss. This study focusses on the expansion of monoculture rubber plantation (Hevea brasiliensis) in selected sub-watersheds in northeast India, and distributed in parts of north Tripura, Mizoram and a major portion in the Karimganj district of Assam.

Original Source

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Eastern Zone Bench, Kolkata) in the matter of People United for Better Living in Calcutta (Public) & Others Vs Union of India & Others dated 09/01/2018 regarding dumping of fly ash and filling up parts of Dankuni Wetland at Mollarber Mouza of Serampore Uttarpara Block, Dankuni, West Bengal.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Western Zone Bench, Pune) in the matter of Tanajai Balasaheb Gambhire Vs Principal Secretary, Environment, Government of Maharashtra & Others dated 08/01/2018 regarding demolition of structures constructed at Pimpri Waghere, Taluka Haveli, District Pune, falling within limits of Pune Chinchwand Municipal Corporation (PCMC) and restoration of the said area having regard to environmental damage caused by the said development.

Carbon stocks in vegetation have a key role in the climate system. However, the magnitude, patterns and uncertainties of carbon stocks and the effect of land use on the stocks remain poorly quantified. Here we show, using state-of-the-art datasets, that vegetation currently stores around 450 petagrams of carbon. In the hypothetical absence of land use, potential vegetation would store around 916 petagrams of carbon, under current climate conditions. This difference highlights the massive effect of land use on biomass stocks.

Recent years have shown increased awareness that the use of the basic resources water, food, and energy are highly interconnected (referred to as a ‘nexus’). Spatial scales are an important but complicating factor in nexus analyses, and should receive more attention – especially in the policy-oriented literature. In this paper, we ‘unpack' the nexus concept, aiming to understand the differences between water, food and energy resources, especially in terms of spatial scales.

Limited data exists on emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation, and available data are typically uncertain. In this paper, we provide comparable estimates of emissions from both all deforestation and agriculture-driven deforestation, with uncertainties for 91 countries across the tropics between 1990 and 2015. Uncertainties associated with input datasets (activity data and emissions factors) were used to combine the datasets, where most certain datasets contribute the most. This method utilizes all the input data, while minimizing the uncertainty of the emissions estimate.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Umashankar Patwa & Anr. Vs. Union of India & Ors. (Earlier Titled as D.K. Joshi Vs. Union of India & Ors) dated 21/12/2017 regarding demolition of the structures falling within the high flood line of Yamuna, Agra.

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