This study investigated the use of effective microorganisms (EM) for enhancement of biogas production through composting of solid pyrethrum remains after extraction of pyrethrins (marc). The laboratory scale experiment involved composting of the waste as substrate mixed with EM at different ratios consisting of a control, substrate with EM at of 1:250, 1:500, and 1:1000 v/v. Results show highest production of biogas at EM ratio 1:500 v/v, while biogas produced at EM ratio of 1:250 v/v had the highest methane yield.

Increase in the human population, indiscriminate growth of cities, industrialization and agricultural practices have led
to an increased accumulation of waste materials. As nature is unable to degrade the huge quantity of wastes in a short period of time, these materials can act as a secondary host of diseases and pests. All these problems forced us to revive the old traditional techniques of compost production and organic farming, which are nature’s ways for the renewal of life.

A field experiment was conducted during rabi seasons of 2003-04, 2004-05 and 2005-06 at Livestock farm, JNKVV, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh to study the effect of bio organics and chemical fertilizers on growth yield and economics of fodder oat. Result of study reveals that an application of nitrogen significantly increased the growth and yields of fodder oat.

New Delhi Concerned over the adverse impact of fertilisers on soil and crops, government plans to reduce subsidy on them and divert funds to organic manures, bio-fertilisers, green manures and promotion of organic farming.

“During the first Green Revolution, productivity was increased by 50% with the help of fertilisers. But today balanced fertilisers are needed. Urea is being used by farmers in high quantity which is affecting productivity,” agriculture minister Sharad Pawar informed Lok Sabha on Tuesday.

The Marigowda Memorial Hall in Lalbagh, Bangalore witnessed a steady footfall of 100 to 200 people at any given time on the 13th, 14th
and 15th of April. The occasion being ‘The Millet Mela’ that introduced Bangaloreans to an incredible range of millets and their lip
smacking derivatives. Earth360, pioneered, promoted and founded by M N Dinesh Kumar promotes natural and ecological farming
practices in the areas around Kadiri in Andhra Pradesh.

Fertilizer has been the key input in augmenting foodproduction in India. However, fertilizer use in India is skewed, high in a few states having adequate irrigation and dismally low in the NE states. There is also imbalanced use of N, P and K. Deficiency of secondary nutrient sulphur and micronutrient zinc is widespread in the country and boron deficiency is reported from the eastern states.

A decade ago, Chandra Pradhani, a Paraja tribal of Nuaguda village in Kundra block of Odisha's Koraput district, would migrate to neighbouring Andhra Pradesh to earn a living as a brick kiln worker. He no longer does this. Today, he is feted by the nation. He was one of the tribal farmers honoured by prime minister Manmohan Singh at the 99th Science Congress held in Bhubaneswar in January. It is the hard labour and traditional agricultural techniques of tribal families that have helped put Koraput on the map of world agriculture.

Azospirillum bio-fertilisers as a source of nutrients bring multifarious advantages for the poor farmers including affordability, environmental safety and sustainability of agriculture systems.

One of the ways in which farmers can protect their soils is through the use of mulch. When the soil is covered with a
thick layer of organic matter, it is protected from extreme rainfall, winds or drought. Mulch also serves as a home for
insects, helping attract many species which significantly improve soil texture and soil fertility.

Agricultural production in India has increased through green renaissance, growing high-yielding varieties of crops and adopting scientifically improved soil fertility management, water management,

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