This new study published by UNEP Risø Centre evaluates policy and design interventions for the implementation of NMT projects in Indian cities and considers their impact on road users.

Badly designed cities promote wrong travel choices, leading to warming and pollution: CSE

This manual provides information for use in developing and implementing comprehensive measures to improve pedestrian safety. The extent of pedestrian fatalities and injuries, and the importance of addressing the key associated risk factors for pedestrian injury, are examined.

Samarthyam in collaboration with Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities have conducted walkability audits to evaluate the accessibility of street and road infrastructure, the interstitial spaces between buildings from and to transport terminus and key destinations in Delhi for persons with disabilities and reduce mobility.

Transit Oriented Development is essentially any development, macro or micro, that is focused around a transit node, and facilitates complete ease of access to the transit facility, thereby inducing people to prefer to walk and use public transportation over personal modes of transport.

This report raises the potential of walkability survey as a monitoring and awareness-raising tool in cities. It also provides an overview and analysis on the relevant policies and initiatives being taken up by the national and city levels related to walkability.

Physical inactivity accounts for more than 3 million deaths per year, most from non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries. We used reviews of physical activity interventions and a simulation model to examine how megatrends in information and communication technology and transportation directly and indirectly affect levels of physical activity across countries of low, middle, and high income.

Promotion of physical activity is a priority for health agencies. We searched for reviews of physical activity interventions, published between 2000 and 2011, and identified effective, promising, or emerging interventions from around the world. The informational approaches of community-wide and mass media campaigns, and short physical activity messages targeting key community sites are recommended.

Physical inactivity is an important contributor to non-communicable diseases in countries of high income, and increasingly so in those of low and middle income. Understanding why people are physically active or inactive contributes to evidence-based planning of public health interventions, because effective programmes will target factors known to cause inactivity. Research into correlates (factors associated with activity) or determinants (those with a causal relationship) has burgeoned in the past two decades, but has mostly focused on individual-level factors in high-income countries.

To implement effective non-communicable disease prevention programmes, policy makers need data for physical activity levels and trends. In this report, we describe physical activity levels worldwide with data for adults (15 years or older) from 122 countries and for adolescents (13—15-years-old) from 105 countries. Worldwide, 31·1% (95% CI 30·9—31·2) of adults are physically inactive, with proportions ranging from 17·0% (16·8—17·2) in southeast Asia to about 43% in the Americas and the eastern Mediterranean.