The Paris Agreement’s enhanced transparency framework places new and more stringent requirements on developing countries. For many countries, to implement these new requirements capacity-building support is vital.

This report is a synthesis of evidence gathered on transformational change within the Climate Investment Funds (CIF). It complements a parallel evaluation on transformational change in the countries where CIF operates. It is distinguished from the evaluation by a focus on the secondary literature, produced both within and outside CIF.

This working paper addresses the following question: are climate change-related expenditures starting to appear in national budgets to secure the early implementation of countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)?

Embarking on a climate compatible development pathway now has a price tag. The cost of tackling climate change in developing countries could reach some hundreds of billions of dollars annually over the coming decades.

This paper provides an overview of the concept of direct access to funding for climate change actions in developing countries.

International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Bioenergy Task has published a report for policy makers titled “Bioenergy, Land Use Change and Climate Change Mitigation,” which addresses how the climate change mitigation from the use of bioenergy can be influenced by greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions arising from land-use change.

The Copenhagen Accord calls for a collective commitment by developed countries to provide

The commitment to provide new finance in support of climate change actions in developing countries was one of the few areas where tangible progress was made at the Copenhagen COP meeting. In light of this, securing a system that supports such financial flows to developing countries is an immediate challenge

This paper begins by describing the existing architecture with regard to international funding for environmental actions, focusing on two pre-eminent institutions within this architecture: the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the World Bank. In many respects, the current situation is tending to