Bells jingled, colourful carnivals spread cheer; Asia was filled with festivity, as the people celebrated the Nativity of Jesus Christ. The festival of joy had just begun. But death was just hours away. When the most powerful earthquake in more than 40 years struck deep under the Indian Ocean, the Indonesian island of Banda Aceh became a mass graveyard.
In this paper, a review on worldwide literature on trends in tropical cyclone frequency, intensity, and impact, with special reference to the North Indian Ocean Basin, that is, the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.
The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) was sponsored by research agencies within Europe, India and USA, and was mainly concerned with the haze over south Asia and the adjacent Indian Ocean. It excluded other equally or even more polluted areas in Asia. The Asian Brown Cloud is a follow on international research project that includes all of Asia.