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Following the historic international deal agreed at the UN climate conference, COP21, and the news from Davos that climate change is the world’s most impactful risk, major companies such as Dell, Unilever and Walmart are establishing the extent to which impending climate regulation will impact their business.

The global inequality crisis is reaching new extremes. The richest 1% now have more wealth than the rest of the world combined. Power and privilege is being used to skew the economic system to increase the gap between the richest and the rest. A global network of tax havens further enables the richest individuals to hide $7.6 trillion.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Nestle India Ltd Vs Union of India & Others dated 16/12/2015 regarding testing of Maggi noodles.

Court directed that the samples earlier collected by the Local Commissioner appointed by the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, New Delhi, shall be sent to the Mysore laboratory for testing. The test reports shall be produced before the court.

Three decades after the Bhopal gas lead killed a few thousand people overnight, the struggle continues for its survivors. A number of issues concerning the survivors of the disaster, termed the biggest industrial accident in history, seemed close to resolution this year, but none was resolved.

The recent episode of an oppressive smog that blanketed Southeast Asia highlights an entirely new kind of problem in contemporary international relations, namely, the complexity of transnational governance when traditional remedies--from bombs and missiles at one extreme, to diplomatic démarches and summits on the more polite end--are of no use at all.

This paper identifies and characterizes the environmental maturity level of local and multinational high-technology corporations located in Brazil. This characterization is achieved by discussing the adoption of environmental management practices and considering aspects of the productive process stage. An eight-case study was conducted through data triangulation using interviews with employees in diverse organizational areas, direct observations and secondary data.

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has alleged that Volkswagen Group of America (VW) violated the Clean Air Act (CAA) by developing and installing emissions control system 'defeat devices' (software) in model year 2009–2015 vehicles with 2.0 litre diesel engines. VW has admitted the inclusion of defeat devices. On-road emissions testing suggests that in-use NOx emissions for these vehicles are a factor of 10 to 40 above the EPA standard. In this paper we quantify the human health impacts and associated costs of the excess emissions.

Order of the Federal Court of Australia in the matter of Mackay Conservation Group Vs The Commonwealth of Australia & Others dated 04/08/2015 regarding Australian Government’s approval of Adani’s Carmichael coal mine in central Queensland.

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The research and development costs of 68 randomly selected new drugs were obtained from a survey of 10 pharmaceutical firms. These data were used to estimate the average pre-tax cost of new drug development. The costs of compounds abandoned during testing were linked to the costs of compounds that obtained marketing approval. The estimated average out-of-pocket cost per new drug is US$ 403 million (2000 dollars). Capitalizing out-of-pocket costs to the point of marketing approval at a real discount rate of 11% yields a total pre-approval cost estimate of US$ 802 million (2000 dollars).

Order of the Bombay High Court dated 30/06/2015 in the matter of Nestle India Ltd. V. FSSAI & Ors allowing Maggi noodles to be exported.

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