Innovations play an important role in food production as well as in optimizing resource utilization by farmers. An innovation is an idea, practice or object that is perceived as new by an individual or others in a given system.

With population growth, massive pressure has been put on natural resources to produce more agricultural products, whilst million tons of agricultural products go to waste during agricultural process. The main purpose of the study was to investigate effective factors in apple waste in Zanjan Province, Iran.

This report argues that further expansion of the global network of protected areas will be necessary, but will not be sufficient to attain a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss worldwide. Structural changes in consumption and in the efficiency of production are indispensable.

The policy for promotion of agro-processing industries and agri-business seeks to address the entire value chain in agro-processing and marketing, including development of the supply chain, market development and diversification.

Season turns bad. No rainfall after planting, plenty after harvest WEATHER played spoiler for paddy farmers in Kerala

The overall objective of the paper is to assess the post-harvest losses in major fruits both in physical and economic terms at different stages of handling and to develop strategies to reduce these losses.

The horticulture sector encompasses a wide range of crops e.g., fruit crops, vegetable crops, potato and tuber crops, ornamental crops, medicinal and aromatic crops, spices and plantation crops. India, with its wide variability of climate and soil, is highly favourable for growing a large number of horticultural crops. It is the fastest growing sector within agriculture.

India is a country with vast population having crossed over 110 crores mark and growing at alarming rate. It is yet another fact of concern that there has not been a proportionate increase in the production level of foodgrains in the country.


The major problem faced by the foodgrain production system of India is the post harvest losses. There are many sources of leakage between production and consumption of foodgrains that not only include wastage of grains during various post-harvest operations but also at the stage of harvesting.