Inspection and maintenance (I/M) programs are key to identifying high-emitting vehicles and mitigating their impact on air quality and climate. This paper assesses best practices for I/M programs targeting heavy-duty vehicles and makes recommendations on how to improve HDV I/M programs in the future.

Controlling emissions from the in-use fleet, particularly from high emitters and older vehicles, can immediately alleviate urban air pollution. As pressure to address China's air quality issues builds, Guangdong Province has taken several steps toward that end.

This report is the first to evaluate the response to fiscal incentives in 2013 to incentivize the purchase of plug-in electric vehicles in major vehicle markets around the world.