This report summarises the main insights from Coal Transitions research project. Firstly, it outlines the growing momentum behind coal transitions around the world, due to economic, technological and policy factors.

The report begins by discussing the identification of NBS-type actions contained in the NDCs of Morocco and Tunisia. These NBS are then classified into three types according to their level of ambition for biodiversity protection, and their distribution between these three types is examined.

There is increasing recognition that achieving deep cuts to GHG emissions requires a close link between long-term strategic planning and short-term policy action. Thus, Article 4.19 of the Paris Climate Agreement called on countries to develop long-term low GHG emissions development strategies, and to present them by 2020.

Rather than examining aggregate emissions trends, this study delves deep into the dynamics affecting each sector of the EU energy system. It examines the structural changes taking place in power production, transport, buildings and industry, and benchmarks these with the changes required to reach the 2030 and 2050 targets.

The global governance of food security and nutrition (FSN) has been evolving rapidly over the last 10 years.

This interim 2014 report by the Deep Decarbonization Pathway Project (DDPP) summarizes preliminary findings of the pathways developed by the DDPP Country Research Teams with the objective of achieving emission reductions consistent with limiting global warming to less than 2°C.

China and India face very different challenges for the years to come, mainly because they are at very different levels of economic development.

When over 83% of new cropland areas in the tropical zone came at the expense of natural forests over the 1980-2000 period, and when the food challenge is becoming increasingly urgent, the REDD+ mechanism must find the means to tackle this sector of activity.

The two weeks of negotiations in Copenhagen (7-18 December 2009) have been full of twists and turns. The outcome of the first phase, when heads of delegations and Ministers had the leadership, is a set of draft decisions, heavily bracketed, and not recognized by all Parties

This report aims to provide a general framework for the implementation of adaptation in the Mediterranean context, based on a number of important clarifications and accompanied by operational recommendations. In the first part the scientific basis of the study will be set, notably from the works of the IPCC.