The ancient destructive capability of earthquake faults is well chronicled by historians and their cultural impact widely uncovered by archaeologists. Archaeological and geological investigations at some of the most renowned sites in the ancient Greece world, however, suggest a more nuanced and intimate relationship between seismic faults and past human settlements.

The urban heat island effect (UHI) for inner land regions was investigated using satellite data, ground observations, and simulations with an Single-Layer Urban Canopy Parameterization (SLUCP) coupled into the regional Weather Research Forecasting model (WRF, http://wrf-model.org/index.php). Specifically, using the satellite-observed surface skin temperatures (Tskin), the intensity of the UHI was first compared for two inland cities (Xi’an City, China, and Oklahoma City (OKC)), which have different city populations and building densities.

Cities are concentrations of sociopolitical power and prime architects of land transformation, while also serving as consumption hubs of “hard” water and energy infrastructures. These infrastructures extend well outside metropolitan boundaries and impact distal river ecosystems. We used a comprehensive model to quantify the roles of anthropogenic stressors on hydrologic alteration and biodiversity in US streams and isolate the impacts stemming from hard infrastructure developments in cities.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Raghunath Jha Vs. Ministry of Urban Development dated 04/09/2017 regarding destruction of trees as a result of demolition of government residential colonies in Delhi.

Between 2014 and 2050, India is projected to add 404 million urban dwellers and the number of rural residents is expected to decline by 52 million.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Uma Shankar Patwa & Anr. Vs. Union of India & Ors. (Earlier titled as D.K. Joshi Vs. Union of India & Ors.) dated 29/08/2017 regarding constructions on Yamuna floodplains, Agra, Uttar Pradesh. NGT directs demolition of structures falling within 100 meters of the high flood line already demarcated and the projects which are stated to be outside the high flood line would be allowed to complete their constructions subject to compliance of directions.

Black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) aerosols are important components of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in polluted urban environments. Quantifying the contribution of fossil fuel and biomass combustion to BC and OC concentrations is critical for developing and validating effective air quality control measures and climate change mitigation policy. We used radiocarbon (14C) to measure fossil and contemporary biomass contributions to BC and OC at three locations in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA during 2012-2014, including during winter inversion events.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Yogendra Mohan Sengupta Vs. Union of India & Others dated 12/07/2017 regarding construction activities in the city of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. The Court expresses its displeasure at the delay of the Himachal Pradesh Government to file their response/objections to the report submitted before the Tribunal. NGT grants final opportunity to the State of Himachal Pradesh to submit its response/objections, if any, additional or otherwise.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal (Western Zone Bench, Pune) in the matter of Sujal Sahakari Gruha Rachana Sanstha Maryadit Vs Pune Municipal Corporation & Others dated 03/07/2017 regarding environmental pollution and degradation caused by various marriage halls and Mangal Karyalayas located on 100 ft DP road starting from Mhatre Bridge to Rajaram bridge in Pune. The Applicant alleges that the environmental degradation is caused due to the encroachment on the designated green belt area, being within the blue flood line marked along the river Mutha by such marriage halls.

The increase of urban areas and dominance of the landscape of cities by dense built forms, roads, impermeable surfaces results in the phenomenon of urban heat island wherein the built areas experience higher temperature than the surrounding suburbs.

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