This study examines the activities of governments and researchers in six cities and urban regions to integrate climate concerns into policy and programs, and to adapt to climate change. The cities/urban regions studied were: London, New York City and the Metro East Coast Region, Boston Metropolitan Region, Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada, Greater Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada, Seattle and King County, Washington, USA.

This report explores ways to incorporate international aviation and maritime shipping in a climate policy regime. Currently, emissions from international transport are not included in climate policy targets under the Kyoto Protocol. One of the reasons is that it is not clear which country should be held accountable for which share of the emissions.


Some teleconnections studies between the monsoon rainfall over four meteorological subdivisions namely, plains of west U.P., East U.P., Bihar Plains and Gangetic West Bengal, thus constituting an area of U.P., adjoining Bihar and West Bengal and different thickness anomaly and geopotential heights over several levels in the troposphere over India have been carried out to find some useful predictive parameters for the long range prediction of monsoon rainfall.

>> Rainfall increasing in higher latitudes; decreasing in lower latitudes >> Warm nights are increasing, cold nights are decreasing >> Arctic warming between the 19th and 21st century is double

The Himalayas possess one of the largest resources of snow and ice, which act as a huge freshwater reservoir. Monitoring the glaciers is important to assess the overall reservoir health. In this investigation, glacial retreat was estimated for 466 glaciers in Chenab, Parbati and Baspa basins from 1962.

The purpose of this document is to propose the outlines of a broadly acceptable framework that addresses the following issues: differentiated targets and timetables; forests as carbon sinks; market-based mechanisms; adaptation; research, development and deployment; technology cooperation; and finance.

Climate change in India represents an additional stress on ecological and socioeconomic systems that are already facing tremendous pressures due to rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, and economic devleopment. With its large and growing population, and an economy that is closely tied to its natural reosurce base, India's population is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change such as changes in forest and water reosurces and sea level rise.

This report provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of the impacts of climate change, the vulnerability of natural and human environments, and the potential for response through adaptation. It evaluates evidence that recent observed changes in climate have already affected a variety of physical and biological systems and concludes that these effects can be attributed to global warming.

The goal of this paper is to assess the impact of future climate change on the hydrological regime of the tropical Upper Suriname river basin (7,860 km2) located in Suriname. GCM based climate scenarios from the MAGICC/SCENGEN model and 14 hypothetical climate scenarios are used to examine potential changes in water balance components in the study area.