After two decades of hardwork, on 5 February 2012, a team of Russian scientists began drilling at Lake Vostok, the largest of more than 140 sub-glacial lakes and the most deeply buried of the lakes hidden under the Antarctic ice cap.

A report by Sam Bateman and Anthony Bergin of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Canberra in the Australian daily The Australian, shows panic reaction of Australia as the largest territorial claimant in Antarctica. A quote directly from the report is as follows: ‘China and India’s increasing interest in the Antarctic could presage the use of their stations for military purposes, destabilising the continent as a zone of peace…. Like other rising nations, China and India want a higher profile in Antarctic affairs.

The Wetland ecosystem in India is spread over a wide range of varied climatic conditions, from the wetlands in
cold Jammu and Kashmir to hot and humid conditions in Peninsular India; thus there is a great diversity of these
wetlands. Many of these wetlands are unique with respect to biodiversity, scenic beauty, shelter of migratory birds,
resident avifauna, etc. Under the conservation of wetlands in India, several wetlands have been recognized that are a
part of National Parks and Sanctuaries.

Acheulean/Acheulian denotes an archaeological industry of stone tool manufacture associated with early humans during the lower Palaeolithic era across Africa and much of West Asia, South Asia and Europe. The Palaeolithic era is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered and covers roughly 99% of human technological prehistory. It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools, probably by hominins such as Australopithecines, 2.6 million years ago, to the end of the Pleistocene around 10,000 BP.

Monitoring of tiger populations is done at regular intervals of four years and is a crucial component of evaluating the efficacy of tiger conservation efforts. The
Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India (GoI) published a booklet containing the results of the All-India Tiger Estimation

In May 2011, the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presented
its report on potential of renewable
energy (RE) which emphasizes
significant future role of RE in cutting
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and
powering sustainable development. A
global team of technological experts and
scientists reviewed over 160 scenarios on
the potential of six RE technologies and
compiled a report entitled ‘Special
Report on Renewable Energy Sources and
Climate Change Mitigation’ (SRREN)
approved by member countries of IPCC.
The present report is a short summary of
approximately 1000-page comprehensive
assessment done by 120 scientists for the
IPCC Working Group III (WGIII)1.
IPCC is the leading international body

In May 2011, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presented its report on potential of renewable energy (RE) which emphasizes

In the past, India has made great progress in providing food security for its people. However, the growth rate of agriculture
is consistently decreasing. There has also been a decline in the growth rate of foodgrain production. The challenge facing

The Girnar Ropeway project in Gujarat gets in-principle approval subject to six
specific conditions. They include minimum disturbance for the long-billed vul-
ture, Girnari Giddh habitat, cafeteria for vultures, increase in the height of two
towers along the ropeway, a cess on ticket turnover revenue for conservation