As mining companies prepare to exploit the copper and gold in the seabed, we explore the fate of the unique ecosystems around tectonic boundaries.

New Delhi: Mexico and Papua New Guinea have come up with a proposal that could either end the continuing impasse at the UN climate talks or break down negotiations completely. The two countries have proposed that instead of working by unanimity, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change should decide on major issues by a simple majority.

A shallow 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck off the New Britain coast of Papua New Guinea today, the USGS said, but no tsunami warning was issued.

The US Geological Survey put the depth of the quake at just 21 kilometres, although Geoscience Australia said it was 37 kilometres.

The quake struck 175 kilometres east of Kandrian on New Britain and 577 kilometres northeast of the capital Port More

As Papua New Guinea gives go-ahead to a Canadian mining company to dredge its coastal seabed for minerals, critics say environmental assessments have been inadequate, local objections ignored and new species of life could be extinct before they have even been discovered.

Replacing traditional foods with imported, processed food has contributed to the high prevalence of obesity and related health problems in the Pacific islands.

Talk about overestimation. Only 5.5 million species may share our planet, a much smaller number than the older, often quoted estimate of more than 30 million. Most vertebrates and plants and many microorganisms have been documented. Much of the uncertainty in such global estimates lies with arthropods, a phylum that includes insects and spiders.

One of the largest populations of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the world spends at least part of its life cycle in the remote Torres Strait between Australia and Papua New Guinea. This population is subjected to traditional harvests from geographically dispersed communities including along the northern and eastern coasts of Australia, Indonesia and south-western Pacific nations.

ExxonMobil and its partners have agreed to press ahead with a $15bn liquefied natural gas project in Papua New Guinea that would represent the largest foreign investment in the country to date.

The US group said that, once completed, the PNG LNG deal would treble Papua New Guinea

This book builds on related experience of the IUCN Environmental Law Centre in the areas of Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES), Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, Access and Benefit-Sharing

This paper describes a community-based framework for combining different types of knowledge to address climate change. It builds on earlier work by Mercer to develop and pilot a framework for addressing disaster risk reduction in Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The 52 SIDS face similar sustainability challenges, including exceptional vulnerability to climate change.