Shifting climate patterns in the Indian Ocean driven by global warming are likely to increase the frequency of “devastating” weather events for much of Australia, Indonesia and eastern Africa, a st

The South Asian summer monsoon directly affects the lives of more than 1/6th of the world’s population. There is substantial variability within the monsoon season, including fluctuations between periods of heavy rainfall (wet spells) and low rainfall (dry spells). These fluctuations can cause extreme wet and dry regional conditions that adversely impact agricultural yields, water resources, infrastructure and human systems.

This working paper by Ashok Gulati and Shweta Saini of Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) approaches the question of disconnect between El Nino and Indian droughts by exploring the timing of El Nino developments in a year and its relation with monsoon rains. Read full text.

The Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) during the boreal summer has shown a significant warming of 0.3°C in the recent decade (2001–2010) compared to a former decade (1979–1988), and it is most pronounced in the central tropical Indian Ocean. By using reanalysis and satellite‐derived data sets, we investigated how the monsoon intraseasonal oscillation (MISO) over the South Asian summer monsoon (ASM) region has been influenced by the recent warming in the Indian Ocean.

The fifth session of the SASCOF (SASCOF-5), convened to generate the climate outlook for the summer monsoon season of 2014, was held at Pune, India, from 22-23 April 2014 with the participation of eight South Asian countries.

The Olive Ridley Project was initiated in response to large numbers of olive ridleys turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) found entangled in fishing nets in the Maldives. This species of sea turtle is rarely observed in the Maldives; however, since 2011 marine biologists, dive masters and boat captains have recorded 47 olive ridleys entangled in fishing nets. The recorded entanglements have occurred through chance encounters suggesting the data only reflects a small proportion of the actual number of ghost net entrapments of olive ridleys in this region.

The spread of harmful algal blooms and marine pollution are a serious threat to the fishery resources of the Indian Ocean RIM countries.

In this paper we investigate how well residents of the Andaman coast in Phang Nga province, Thailand, are prepared for earthquakes and tsunami. It is hypothesized that formal education can promote disaster preparedness because education enhances individual cognitive and learning skills, as well as access to information. A survey was conducted of 557 households in the areas that received tsunami warnings following the Indian Ocean earthquakes on 11 April 2012. Interviews were carried out during the period of numerous aftershocks, which put residents in the region on high alert.

India has made its first ever claim before the International Seabed Authority (ISA) for the exploration of poly-metallic sulphide from the Mauritius seas.

Prior to country's first ever seabed exploration for sulphides, a preliminary study has been completed with the help of the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) in the Rodriguez Triple Junction, a geologic junction in the southern Indian Ocean where three tectonic plates meet, near Mauritius.

Tropical Indian Ocean SST variability in different CMIP5 scenarios - A presentation by Shamal Date, Karumuri Ashok, P. Swapna, Terray Pascal and J. V. Revadekar at the 4th National Research Conference on Climate Change, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, October 26-27, 2013.