Pastoralism provides a living for between 100 and 200 million households, from the Asian steppes to the Andes. But misguided policies are undermining its sustainability. Farming Matters looked at how governments can best strengthen the governance of pastoral systems and find more equitable ways to include pastoralists in policy making.

Maharashtra is one of the six states of India where Great Indian Bustards are still seen. The Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary of Maharashtra is located in Ahmednagar and Solapur districts which are drought prone and semi-arid. In 1975 the Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP), financed by the World Bank was initiated in Solapur District.

This report clearly articulates how protected areas contribute significantly to reducing impacts of climate change and what is needed for them to achieve even more. It asserts that adaptation is a mechanism to protect and maintain ecosystem integrity, buffer local climate, reduce risks and impacts from extreme events such as storms, droughts and sea-level rise.

Lantana (Lantana camara), one of the world's most troublesome invasive weeds, has become a menace in most of the protected areas located in tropical and subtropical belt of India. The lantana-infested landscapes not only are impoverished as habitats of wildlife but also contribute to human-wildlife conflicts owing to diminished ecosystem services.

This comprehensive report surveys the full range of scientific findings on all aspects of climate change on the Tibetan Plateau. Summarises over 150 recent research reports published in scientific journals, by Chinese and international scientists.

At 7,053 million metric tons, U.S. greenhouse gas emissions fell 2.2 percent in 2008, when compared to 2007, according to a report. Record oil prices and lower economic activity in 2008 led to the decline, which includes a 2.9 decrease in energy-related CO2 emissions, according to

In light of global concerns over the impacts of climate change and climate variability, this document provides an overview of opportunities for adaptation and mitigation in dryland pastoral and agropastoral systems. It makes a case for a concerted global effort to promote mitigation practices that also have benefits for adaptation and livelihoods of pastoralists and agropastoralists in drylands.

A study was undertaken in the Kothi watershed of Himachal Pradesh with a view to understand the patterns in vegetation distribution and impact of livestock grazing in the mountain ecosystems of the higher Himalaya. The study results in the documentation of 243 species of vascular plants distributed over 57 families and 160 genera.

In India plantations of exotic tree species like populous debtoides, Acacia spp., Eucalyptus spp., Laucaena leucocephala and Prosopis juliflora etc were promoted to meet the increasing industrial and fuel demand. The exotic acacia and eucalyptus were introduced in Nilgiris Hills in 1858 where E. globules was planted along with E. Robusta.

Gandhinagar: After it was allowed to be almost completely emasculated and invaded by the wild weed, well known as prosopis juli-flora, for several decades, the Gujarat government has finally decided to revive what once was Asia