A report, prepared and released by the United Nation

In July 1994, 500,000 to 800,000 Rwandans crossed the border into the North Kivu region of Zaire (now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC). During the first month after the influx, almost 50,000 refugees died; cholera was a major contributor.

This book of case studies represents a collaborative effort to explore the potential of biofuels to provide sustainable livelihoods and local sources of energy for people in rural areas of developing countries, with a special emphasis on women.

Cereals production could fall by 50 percent in parts of southern Africa in the long term due to climate change, causing increased hunger and poverty, a researcher told an agriculture conference on Wednesday.

South Africa is the largest carbon emitter on the continent, mainly due to its reliance on coal to produce most of its electricity.

New tools are coming online to enable health workers to pool knowledge and better deal with disease outbreaks.

This paper analyses current policy and legislation in relation to the praxis of artisanal gold mining in Mozambique. Approximately 20,000 people are involved in artisanal mining in central Mozambique, producing annually 480–600 kg of gold, 85–90% of which remains in the informal economy. The current legislation, however, is inadequate: artisanal mining is supposed to take place in predetermined “designated areas”, none of which are gold-rich, and, artisanal miners are supposed to get an individual mining pass from provincial authorities, which rarely occurs.

new constitution Bolivia reforms land holding Bolivians approved a new constitution granting more power to the country

An outbreak of cholera in Zimbabwe has crossed the country's borders and is creating "an extraordinary public health crisis," outside experts say.

Against land reform: The Southern African Development Community tribunal on November 28 ruled that Zimbabwe

climate change Poznan talks begin Delegates from 186 nations congregated in the Polish city of Poznan on December 1 to negotiate a new climate change treaty to succeed the Kyoto Protocol in 2012. Ministers discussed their vision for long-term cooperative action and emphasized the economic slowdown should not overshadow the fight against climate change. unfccc Executive

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