The UNFCCC Secretariat has released a handbook outlining the key concepts, elements and requirements of the international climate change measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) framework. The handbook is intended to help developing countries efficiently and effectively implement the MRV framework.

Eliminating the hundreds of billions of dollars that governments are spending on fossil-fuel subsidies would reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by between 6 and 13 per cent by 2050.

Given the projected increase in the demand for animal-source foods in developing countries, trends in livestock GHG emissions and other environmental impacts, there is an urgent need to change livestock production.

Today, the transport sector accounts for almost a quarter of energy-based, polluting CO2 emissions, a share that is expected to grow. If no countermeasures are taken, CO2 emissions from the transport sector are projected to rise by about 70% between 2010 and 2050.

UNDP MDG Carbon has recently released Guidance Paper which describes a model approach to financing the development, implementation, and operation of a sector-wide programme for renewable energy rural electrification as a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action.

There is a growing quest for synergy between mitigation and adaptation due to concerns of inefficiency and ineffectiveness of the compartmentalized approaches to climate change. However, little has been done to explore the necessary enabling conditions for synergistic design and implementation. This paper proposes an analytical framework to assess enabling conditions for synergies at the national level and applies it to developing countries to explore the potential move toward synergy. Four enabling conditions for integrating adaptation and mitigation, i.e.

This paper provides key messages for climate change negotiators and policy makers on the potential contribution of the land transport sector to global climate change mitigation strategies.

This handbook provides local policy makers and other interested readers with an overview of climate and carbon finance mechanisms, both existing and in development, and their relevance to the urban context.

The report looks back on the past years and discusses the evolution of NAMAs, it presents five case studies (Chile, Indonesia, Kenya, Tunisia, and Peru) and draws insights from hands-on NAMA experience and dialogues with peers, and it looks into the future of NAMAs as essential building block for a global climate regime.

Indonesia has pledged to reduce 26% (and 41% with international support) of its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2020 against a business-as-usual (BAU) baseline.