Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding has started work on 60 hectares in Andamans

With several plantations likely to end their leases in the coming years, scientists are thinking ahead of means to convert them into natural forests.
Coimbatore-based Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB) has launched a project on a 60-hectare extent in the Andamans and it is in the process of successfully converting the teak and padauk plantations into near natural forests.

INDORE: Green Tribunal, Bhopal, has issued notices to Western Coalfields Limited (WCL), Coal India, National Biodiversity Committee, Union ministry of environment and forest and MP state biodiversi

The Green Revolution reduced hunger also in India, but it is not enough to raise yields, other, complementary interventions in the food system and other sectors are also important says this 2013 edition of FAO's State of Food & Agriculture report.

Crop domestications are long-term selection experiments that have greatly advanced human civilization. The
domestication of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) ranks as one of the most important developments in history.
However, its origins and domestication processes are controversial and have long been debated. Here we generate
genome sequences from 446 geographically diverse accessions of the wild rice species Oryza rufipogon, the
immediate ancestral progenitor of cultivated rice, and from 1,083 cultivated indica and japonica varieties to construct

There is growing recognition that successful adaptation of agricultural production systems to changes in climate will depend upon the improved access to, and use of, genetic diversity.

Improvement in post-rainy sorghum grain yield has been a challenge with M 35-1, a landrace selection released in 1937 dominating the post-rainy (rabi) tracts. It led to stagnation of post-rainy sorghum yields until the importance of specific adaptation was realized in lieu of highly variable soil and climatic conditions of post-rainy growing regions. As a result, Phule Maulee and of late Phule Chitra were released for regions of Maharashtra with medium soil depth.

An important source of uncertainty in anticipating the effects of climate change on agriculture is limited understanding of crop responses to extremely high temperatures. This uncertainty partly reflects the relative lack of observations of crop behaviour in farmers’ fields under extreme heat. We used nine years of satellite measurements of wheat growth in northern India to monitor rates of wheat senescence following exposure to temperatures greater than 34 °C.

The National Agricultural Research Plan (NARP) is a consolidated action plan for scientific research in agriculture. It sets out the research agenda of the major thrust areas in agriculture.

Plant breeders have played an essential role in improving agricultural crops, and their efforts will be critical to meet the increasing demand for cellulosic bioenergy feedstocks. However, a major concern is the potential development of novel invasive species that result from breeders' efforts to improve agronomic traits in a crop. We use reed canarygrass as a case study to evaluate the potential of plant breeding to give rise to invasive species.

Climate change and catastrophic events have contributed to rice shortages in several regions due to decreased water availability and soil salinization. Although not adapted to salt or drought stress, two commercial rice varieties achieved tolerance to these stresses by colonizing them with Class 2 fungal endophytes isolated from plants growing across moisture and salinity gradients.

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0014823

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